Even though a lot of people don’t realize it, probate courts in most states, including Kansas and Oklahoma, are responsible for adjudicating the adoption process. When a would-be parent, or parents, seeks to adopt a child, they have to get court approval by going through the adoption process before a probate court. This process can be somewhat complicated and lengthy. So, to help clarify questions about adoption in Kansas and Oklahoma, today we are going to take a look at some basic issues you should understand about how adoption works.
How do I adopt a child?
You cannot legally adopt a child until a court has approved you as the child’s new parent. When a person seeks to adopt a child, the probate court has to be convinced that the applicant would make a good parent for a child who otherwise does not have one. This adoption process involves different stages, each of which has its own requirements. Further, different states have different rules that govern the adoption process, which is why anyone seeking to adopt a child should always speak to an attorney experienced in probate and adoption issues in there area.
Are there different types of adoptions?
Yes. There are several different ways you can adopt a child, depending on where you live. One of the most common ways is known as the agency adoption, in which would-be parents work with an adoption agency. The adoption agency serves as a third-party that goes about matching children in need of parents with those people who would seek to become adoptive parents.
A second common option is to go through an independent adoption. In independent adoptions there are no agencies involved, but a third party, such as a doctor or lawyer, arranges the adoption.
What do I have to do to adopt a child?
Again, the answer to this question will depend upon where you live and your particular circumstances. For example, in the state of Kansas it’s very common for people to adopt children after caring for them as foster parents. The foster-to-adopt process occurs when a foster family applies to become the adoptive parents of the child or children that have been placed with them through the foster care system. With foster-to-adopt placement you must first go through the foster care application process and then go through the adoption process. Both of these processes have their own rules associated with them, and both can require a significant and ongoing commitment from you as a would-be foster or adoptive parent.
Parman & Easterday